Production: Starts usually within two weeks (sometimes less) after approval.
Die Cast Tooling Information at Kinetic Die Casting.
Die Cast questions and answers at Kinetic Die Casting.
The following table will provide a general idea of the differences in various Die Casting Alloys.
|Die Casting Alloys:
strength, psi x 1000
strength, psi x 100 (0.2 pct offset)
strength, psi x 1000
strength, psi x 1000
pct in 2 in.
point (liquid), °F
expansion, in./in./°F x 106
pct of copper standard
elasticity, psi x 106
strength (Charpy), ft/lb
We will also machine the die cast parts we produce to our customer's specifications.
Compare Die Casting to Other Manufacturing Processes
Compared with forgings, die casting can be more complex in shape and
have shapes not forgeable, can have thinner sections, be held to closer
dimensions, and have coring not feasible in forging.
Plastic Injection moldings
plastic injection moldings, die casting are stronger,
stiffer, more stable dimensionally, more heat resistant, and are far
superior to plastics on a properties/coat basis. They help prevent
radio frequency and electromagnetic emissions. For chrome plating, die
castings are much superior to plastics. Die castings have a high degree
permanence under load compared to plastics, are completely resistant to
ultra-violet rays, weathering, and stress-cracking in the presence of
various reagents. Manufacturing cycles for producing die castings
are much faster than for injection moldings.
Compared to extrusions, die casting can be produced faster and more
net shape. Features and depressions on the sides, tops and bottoms can
be created in one operation. There is less waste using die casting than
extrusion. Holes can be cast in place to save additional machining
Compared with steel stampings,
one die casting can often replace several
parts. Die casting frequently require fewer assembly operations, can be
held within closer dimensional limits, can have almost any desired
variation in section thickness, involve less waste in scrap, and are
producible in more complex shapes. Die castings can be made in many
shapes not producible in stamped form.
Screw Machine Parts
Compared with screw machine products, die castings are produced more
rapidly, involve much less waste in scrap, can be made into shapes that are difficult or
impossible to produce from bar or tubular stock, and may require fewer operations.
Compared with sand castings,
die castings require much less machining, can be made with thinner walls, can have all or nearly all
holes cored to size, can be held within much closer dimensional limits, and are produced more rapidly
in dies which make thousands of die castings without replacement. Die castings do not require new cores
for each casting, are easily provided with inserts die cast in place, have smoother surfaces and involve
much less labor cost per casting.
Permanent mold castings
Compared with permanent mold castings, die castings can be made to
closer dimensional limits and with thinner sections and holes can be
cored to near net shape. Die castings are produced at higher rates with
less manual labor, have smoother surfaces, and usually cost less per die casting.
Tooling Die Casting, Tooling for Aluminum Parts.
Automation - Industry term commonly used to describe the mechanization of various
aspects of die casting process.
Biscuit - Excess of ladled metal remaining in the shot sleeve of
a cold chamber die casting machine. It is part of a cast shot and is
removed from the die with the casting.
Blister - A surface bubble caused by gas expansion (usually from
heating) which was trapped within the die casting or beneath the
Blow holes - Voids or pores which may occur due to entrapped gas
or shrinkage during solidification, usually evident in heavy sections.
Cavity - The recess or impressions in a die in which the casting is formed.
Cold chamber machine - A type of die casting machine in which the metal injection mechanism is not submerged in molten metal.
Checking - Fine cracks on the surface a die which produce
corresponding raised veins on die casting. Caused by repeated heating
of the die surface by injected molten alloys. Also called heat checking.
Die lubricant - Liquid formulations applied to the die to facilitate casting release and prevent soldering.
Dimensional stability - Ability of a component to retain it's shape and size over a long period of service.
Draft - The taper given to walls, cores and other parts of the die cavity to permit easy ejection of the casting.
Ejector marks - Marks left on castings by ejector pins.
Ejector pins - A rod which forces the casting out of the die cavity and off cores.
Ejector plate - A plate to which ejector pins are attached and which actuates them.
Fillet - Curved junction of two surfaces, e.g., walls which would meet a sharp angle.
Flash - A thin web or fin of metal on a casting which occurs on
die partings, vents and around moveable cores. This excess metal is due
to working and operating clearances in a die.
Gate - Passage for molten metal which connects runner with die
cavity. Also, the entire ejected content of a die, including castings,
gates, runners sprue (or biscuit) and flash.
Growth - Expansion of a casting as a result of aging or of intergranular corrosion, or both.
Heat checking - (See checking)
Hot chamber machine - Die casting machines which have the
plunger, gooseneck (metal pressure chamber) immersed in molten metal in
the holding furnace.
Impact strength - Ability to resist shock, as measured by a suitable testing machine.
Ingot - Metal or alloy cast in a convenient shape for storage shipping or remelting.
Injection - The processes of forcing molten metal into a die.
Insert - A piece of material, usually metal, which is placed in
a die before each shot. When molten metal is cast around it, it becomes
an integral part of the die casting.
Loose piece, knockout - A type of core (which forms undercuts)
which is positioned in, but not fastened to a die. It is so arranged as
to be ejected with the casting and from which it is removed. It is
repeated for the same purpose.
Metal saver - Core used primarily to reduce amount of metal in a casting and to avoid sections of excessive thickness.
Multiple cavity die - A die having more than one duplicate impression.
Overflow - A recess in a die connected to die cavity by a gate to assist in proper venting.
Parting line - A mark left on die casting where the die halves meet; also, the mating surface of the cover and ejector portions of the die.
Plunger - Ram or piston which forces molten metal into a die.
Porosity - Voids or pores resulting from trapped gas, or shrinkage during solidification.
Process control - Where parameters of a process are studied and correctly applied in the manufacturing process to produce high quality parts.
Runner - Die passage connecting sprue or plunger holes of a die to the gate where molten metal enters the cavity or cavities.
Shot - The segment of the casting cycle in which molten metal is forced into the die.
Shrinkage, solidification - Dimensional reduction that accompanies the freezing (solidification) of metal, passing from the molten to the solid state.
Shrink mark - A surface depression which sometimes occurs next to a heavy section that cools more slowly than adjacent areas.
Slide - The portion of a die arranged to move parallel to die
parting. The inner and end forms a part of the die cavity wall that
involves one or more undercuts and sometimes includes a core or cores.
Soldering - Adherence of molten metal to portion of the die.
Trim die - A die for shearing or shaving flash from a die casting.
Unit die - A die interchangeable with others in a common holder.
Undercut - Recess in the side wall or cored hole of a casting
disposed so that a slide or special form of core (such as a knockout)
is required to permit ejection of the casting from the die.
Vent - Narrow passage at the die parting which permits air to escape from the die cavity as it is filled with molten metal.
Void - A large pore or hole within the wall of a casting usually caused by entrapped gas. A blow hole.
Waterline - A tube or passage though which water is circulated to cool a casting die.
Die Casting Processes
Brass Parts Die Casting.
Tooling Die Casting.
Die Casting Draft Angle.
Alloys for Die Casting.
Aluminum Die Casting Company.
Zinc Parts Die Casting.
Magnesium Die Casting Company.
Porosity in Die Castings.
Technical Die Casting Terms.
Die Castings Compared to Steel.
Die Castings Compared to Plastic.
Capabilities of Die Casting.
Why use Diecasting.
What is Die Casting.
American Die Casting Company .
Manufacturing Die Castings .
Custom Metal Parts.
Diecast Quality Production.
Die Casting Aluminum.
Kinetic Die Casting Company.
Kinetic Die Casting Company 6918 Beck Avenue, North Hollywood, California USA 91605